Most people will be familiar with the standard high sided litter tray – this will be suitable for people who will be using a litter tray for a limited time and is available cheaply from supermarkets and pet stores. If you plan to have your cat permanently indoors you might like to invest in a covered litter box, with or without a door, which is a little more discrete and helps to contain litter and smells.
Litter comes in many varieties. The most common type is clay litter which is relatively inexpensive but can be dusty and messy. Clumping litter is similar in appearance to clay litter but when liquid is added the litter forms a large clump allowing the soiled litter to be removed easily with a scoop. Eco-friendly litters which are biodegradable include pine pellets, recycled paper pellets and coir fibre, all of which are effective but can be more expensive.
When you first get your cat or kitten it is best to replicate any type of tray, amount and type of litter they are already used to from the pet store or SPCA. To help the litter box feel more familiar, you may even be able to get a small amount of the litter from their original box. If you change the litter box arrangement significantly your cat may be confused and not understand where they are supposed to go. Make any changes gradually; if your cat does not appear to like a new type of litter, try sprinkling some of their normal litter over the top until they get used to the new type.